Ulcerative Colitis Introduction
Ulcerative colitis is a disease that causes inflammation and sores, called ulcers, in the top layers of the lining of the large intestine.
What Causes Ulcerative Colitis?
The most popular theory about ulcerative colitis is that the body's immune system reacts to a virus or a bacterium by causing ongoing inflammation in the intestinal wall.
What Are the Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis?
The most common symptoms of ulcerative colitis are abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea.
How Is Ulcerative Colitis Diagnosed?
A thorough physical exam and a series of tests including blood tests, colonoscopy, and biopsy may be required to diagnose ulcerative colitis.
What Is the Treatment for Ulcerative Colitis?
Treatment for ulcerative colitis depends on the seriousness of the disease. Most people are treated with medication but severe cases may require surgery to remove the diseased colon.
Is Colon Cancer a Concern?
About 5 percent of people with ulcerative colitis develop colon cancer. The risk of cancer increases with the duration and the extent of involvement of the colon.