Dwight D. Eisenhower
served two terms as the 34th president of the United States, and signed civil rights acts in 1957 and 1960. During World War II
, he was supreme commander of the Western Allied Forces. In 1945-48 he was chief of staff for the U.S. Army and was military commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1951-52.
In his time he was a beloved and popular hero, known for his honesty and determination. He was also the first president to have an airplane pilot license.
Eisenhower also had Crohn's disease
(then called ileitis), for which he underwent emergency resection surgery
in July of 1956. He was elected to a second term in November of that same year.