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Glossary

Definitions of terms that are often used when discussing inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis).
  1. "A" Glossary Words (18)
  2. "B" IBD Glossary Words (6)
  3. "C" Glossary Words (16)
  4. "D" Glossary Words (5)
  5. "I" IBD Glossary Words (6)
  6. "R" IBD Glossary Words (3)
  7. "S" IBD Glossary Words (5)

Enema
An enema may be used to relieve constipation or to clean out the bowel prior to surgery or a test (such as a colonoscopy).

Epithelium
The lining of many digestive organs and tissues is called the epithelium.

Fecal Bacteriotherapy (FB)
A procedure known as fecal bacteriotherapy (FB) or fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a novel treatment being studied for use in IBD.

Folic Acid
Nutrition and vitamins supplementation is important for people with IBD, especially folic acid, which may not be absorbed in sufficient quantities from food.

Generic Drugs
Generic drugs may be cheaper than their name-brand equivalents.

Hypnotherapy
Hypnotherapy is a type of treatment that can be used for many conditions, and bears no resemblance to hypnosis.

J-Pouch
The only surgery that is done to treat ulcerative colitis is j-pouch surgery.

Jaundice
Jaundice is a common condition that causes yellowing of the skin and eyes.

Laxative
Laxatives are medications that may be used to treat constipation or to clean the colon.

Lumen
The inside of the tubular structures inside our bodies are known as lumens.

Nasogastric (NG) Tube
A nasogastric (NG) tube is placed down the throat and into the stomach.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids
These acids are not made by the body, but must be gotten through certain foods.

Perianal Fistula
A type of fistula that can complicate IBD, especially Crohn's disease.

Peritonitis
Peritonitis is a serious type of infection that requires medical attention and possibly surgery.

Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC)
PSC is a type of liver disease that can sometimes be found in people with IBD, especially ulcerative colitis.

Transverse Colon
The part of the colon that runs from right to left across the abdomen.

Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha
TNF-Alpha may be one clue to the development of IBD.

Ulcer
People with IBD are no stranger to ulcers. Learn about some different kinds of ulcers that can affect your skin, your mouth, and your intestines.

Ulcerative Colitis Disease Activity Index (UCDAI)
The Ulcerative Colitis Disease Activity Index (UCDAI) is most often used during research on IBD.

Ulcerative Colitis, A Form Of IBD
Ulcerative colitis is one form of the digestive disease IBD.

Granuloma
Crohn's disease can be distinguished by the presence of granulomas.

Barium Enema
A barium enema is a test that is used to help a physician determine what is going on inside the large intestine and make a diagnosis.

Abdominal Adhesions
Scar tissue sometimes forms after abdominal surgery. These scars, or adhesions, can cause pain and bowel obstructions.

Accessory Digestive Organs
Some parts of the digestive system assist in digestion, yet are not part of the digestive tract.

Abdominal Bloating
Bloating is uncomfortable but usually not serious.

Anemia
Anemia is an extremely common condition that is caused by a lack of red blood cells or hemoglobin.

Immunosuppressant Drugs
One class of drug that can be used to treat IBD is immunosuppressants.

Borborygmi
No, it's not a new type of digestive problem. Instead, it's something that everyone experiences at one time or another.

Celiac Disease
A definition of the digestive disease celiac disease, also sometimes known as celiac sprue, gluten intolerance, and nontropical sprue.

Colon Cleansing
Colon cleansing, or removing stool from the bowel through the use of laxatives and enemas, is done as a way to remove toxins from the body.

Dysplasia
Cells that exhibit dysplasia are abnormal cells that are not cancerous.

Dietary Fiber
Fiber in your diet can help your digestion and aid your health in various ways.

Case Control Trial
A definition of the term 'Case Control Trial.'

The Restroom Access Act
This law states that when a patron requires a restroom because of a condition such as a chronic illness or pregnancy, a business must allow them access to an employees-only facility.

Sigmoidoscopy

Stool
Stool is the waste material that leaves the body.

Restricted Fiber Diet
A restricted fiber diet might be followed for a time after a flare-up or abdominal surgery.

Short Bowel Syndrome
When too much of the small intestine has been removed, it can result in a condition called short bowel syndrome.

Bowel Obstruction
Obstructions are more common in people who have IBD.

Bilirubin
Stool gets its yellow color from a substance excreted by the body called bilirubin.

Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction
A type of intestinal condition where there is no physical blockage, but the intestine is not working properly. A pseudo-obstruction is poorly understood, and it can happen suddenly, or develop over a long period of time.

Infection With Basidiobolus Ranarum
A type of fungus that can infect the gastrointestinal tract may be initially misdiagnosed as colon cancer or IBD.

Bowel Sounds
If your bowel is gurgling, it means it's working! Find out what bowel sounds -- and the lack of bowel sounds -- mean.

What Is The Perianal Area?
The skin around the anus is the perianal area.

Esophagus
The esophagus is an organ in the digestive tract, and though not common, can be the site of Crohn's disease inflammation.

Polyp
Find out more about the polyps that can grow inside your colon.


If you have colon cancer, will you need a colostomy bag?

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